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Advice on Special Doors
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Special Doors Products
Exterior doors are exposed to the weather and must be sufficiently resistant. They usually need additional technical functions such as fire and sound protection, burglar protection and thermal insulation.
The front doors include:
- Front doors
- Side entrance doors (e.g. basement and garage doors)
- Portico doors
Exterior doors are subject to CE marking in accordance with the DIN EN 14341-1 standard.
Differential Climate-stressed Doors
Doors made of wood / wood-based materials can deform under different climatic conditions. This deformation is due to the different shrinkage / expansion behavior of the materials used at different temperatures and humidity levels. By choosing a suitable door according to the climatic stress, you avoid hygrothermal-induced influences of the deformation and consequent damage such as leaky joints, reduced sound insulation and poor closing behavior.
Design your door, which is subject to climate change, with H-Flachs. We would be happy to send you additional information.
The standard DIN EN 1121: 2000 describes the different test climates a, b, c, d and e, whereby only climates a-c are relevant for interior doors, climates d and e are relevant for front doors.
|Test Climate (according to DIN EN 1121)||Test Climate Classes (according to DIN EN 12219)||Interior Air Temperature||Interior Relative Humidity||Exterior Air Temperature||Exterior Relative Humidity||Twisting T||Lengthwise curvature B||Crosswise curvature C||Usage Recommendation|
|a||1||23°C± 2°C||30% ± 5%||18°C ± 2°C||50% ± 5%||8,0 mm||8,0 mm||4,0 mm||Interior doors|
|b||2||23°C ± 2°C||30% ± 5%||13°C ± 2°C||65% ± 5%||4,0 mm||4,0 mm||2,0 mm||Apartment entrance doors to heated stairwells|
|c||3||23°C ± 2°C||30% ± 5%||3°C ± 2°C||85% ± 5%||2,0 mm||2,0 mm||1,0 mm||Apartment entrance doors to heated stairwells, between living areas and unheated rooms (e.g. garages, attic, basement)|
|d||-||23°C ± 2°C||30%||-15°C ± 2°C||No requirements||-||-||-||Front/exterior doors (house and portico doors)|
|e||-||20°C min 30°C max||No requirements||Reference Temperature +55°C ± 5°C||No requirements||-||-||-||front/exterior doors (house and portico doors) - solar radiation|
Fig.2: Test climates according to DIN EN 1121: 2000 and DIN EN 12219: 1999 and recommended use.
The standard DIN EN 12219: 1999 provides information about the division of doors into one of the four differential climate group classes and defines maximum permissible warpage values.
A correctly specified classification thus includes both the climate class and the test climate used and would be, for example: Class 3 – test climate c -> short form 3c.
Damp and Wet Room Doors
Moisture-proof doors are resistant to brief high humidity and occasional splashing water and are used in bathrooms in hotels and hospitals, as well as in private apartments without window ventilation and kitchens.
Wet room doors are designed to withstand even long-lasting high humidity, frequent splashing water and frequent cleaning. They are mainly used in public shower rooms, baths and saunas. Doors made of wood and wooden materials can also be used in damp or wet rooms with a suitable surface coating (e.g. CPL/HPL) and construction (e.g. rustproof fittings).
The testing and classification of the door leaves for the damp/wet room area is carried out according to standard DIN EN 16580: 2015, RAL GZ 426/3.
Radiation Protection Doors
Radiation protection doors are used to protect against harmful X-rays, gamma and electron radiation and are mainly used in medical rooms such as X-ray rooms in hospitals or in laboratories.
Radiation protection is achieved through the use of radiation-attenuating lead inserts in the door leaf and, if necessary, the frame. The total thickness of the lead insert (= lead equivalent/attenuation factor according to DIN EN 6113-1) must be specified when planning the system and defined in the radiation protection plan according to DIN 6812, 6846 or 6847.
There are no test requirements or test reports for radiation protection doors, which means that practically any door construction can be converted into a radiation protection door by adding the lead component – provided the construction can bear the additional weight.
Burglary-proof doors are classified according to DIN EN 1627 into six different resistance classes (RC). The higher the resistance class, the higher the resistance and durability of the door element when trying to penetrate violently.
- RC1N – simple basic security
- RC2 – standard security
- RC3 – increased security
- RC4 – high security
- RC5 – high security area
- RC6 – high security area
The areas relevant for normal applications with wood / wood material doors are defined as follows:
|Resistance Class||Offender Type / Behavior||Resistance Time||Application Area|
|RC1N||Vandalism: Kicking, pressing, jumping against. Little protection against levering.||Not Required||Front door with low burglar resistance.|
|RC2||Opportunist: Bodily force, simple tools e.g. screwdriver, shim, pliers.||3 min||Front door and house entrance door with standard risk.|
|RC3||Opportunist: With add’l second screwdriver and crowbar.||5 min||Front door and house entrance door with high risk.|
Fig.1: Resistance classes according to DIN EN 1627
The RC2 / RC3 requirements are also achieved among other things like suitable fittings, door hinges and locks.
Heat-insulating door elements help to keep the heat in the home. This is particularly important for front doors.
The U-value, also known as the heat transfer coefficient, describes the heat transfer of the element. The higher the value, the worse the door is insulated. The U-value of house doors is required by law in the Energy Saving Ordinance EnEV 2014 and must correspond to at least U=1.8 W/m²K, that of passive house doors even at least U=0.8 W/m²K.
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